The oldest & historic mosque in India
Jame Mosque in Delhi
The Jame Mosque in Delhi is one of the most beautiful & historic mosque in India. The sight of hundreds of pigeons settling on the cracks of the mosque and on its stairs and domes catches the eye. 25,000 worshipers can perform prayers together in the Jame Mosque. During the day the rich architectural design of the mosque is open for study. Construction of the mosque began in 1850 and was completed in 1857. The mosque premises have open doors on three sides.
The roof of the east gate has arches carved like a beehive. Pretty much Decorated with some small lovely domes. The length of the prayer hall is 61 meters and the width is 26 meters. Due to the significance of the place of prayer, it has been raised to 1.2 meters. The pistachio in front of the mosque is a red sandstone design on white marble. There is an arched wall fence over the pistachio and two thin minarets at the two corners.
Adina Mosque is located in Malda, West Bengal. Its modeled on the Umayyad Mosque in Syria. It was once well-known as the largest mosque in South Asia. It is said that 1 lakh people could perform prayers in this mosque at a time. However, it can be guessed from the ruins of the Adina Mosque. Although there is some disagreement among researchers as to when this mosque was built, it was found from the back wall of the mosque. It is known from an inscription that Sultan Shamsuddin was the son of Ilyas Shah and 2 Successor Sikandar Shah built this Adina Mosque as a royal mosque around 1363. Adina Mosque was commissioned in 1374.
With the rise of the Mu Empire in the sixteenth century, the Sultanate of Bengal collapsed. This mosque North-south 524 feet long and 322 feet wide. It has 260 pillars and 36 domes. The design of the mosque includes Bengali, Arabic, Persian and Byzantine architecture. Although the mosque attracts attention from a distance due to its size. The plan of this mosque is similar to the big mosque of Damascus. A stone coffin was found behind the mosque. Many believe that there was a tomb of Sultan Sikandar Shah. However, there was no tomb of the Sultan there.
Tipu Sultan Mosque
Tipu Sultan Shahi Mosque is a well-known historic mosque in India. In 1842, various species of pigeons lived for a long time in the junior premises of Tipu Sultan. The worshipers regularly feed the pigeons after the prayers. Anyone can spend the whole of Ramadan here. At present many people are spending their days in the mosque premises reciting the Qur’an while lying down. Iftar is arranged in the month of Ramadan. In addition to an imam and muezzin, there are several people in the mosque to look after the prayers.
Prince Ghulam Muhammad, the 19th and youngest son of Tipu Sultan built the mosque in memory of his father Tipu Sultan. He bought land in the Esplanade area of central Calcutta in 1832 and built the first mosque, which was completed in 1842. The mosque was damaged during the construction of a subway in Calcutta in the 1960s. His son Prince Ghulam Muhammad built this mosque. In the past, in the mosque, A large pond was dug to pray. At present this pond does not exist. Another feature of this mosque is
Palaiya Juma Palli
Palaiya Juma Palli is the fourth oldest mosque in the world & a historic mosque in India. It is said to be India’s earliest mosque. This mosque is associated with 1000 years of Islamic tradition and history. It is located in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Known for its Islamic culture, the mosque was built in 628 630 AD. The famous world traveler Ibn Battuta has traveled here. He said in his travels, this is the place where most Arab settlers lived there and he was surprised to see them living there as Arab lands. So the city with this mosque Other mosques is the greatest examples of Dravidian Islamic architecture.
In the pre-Islamic era, Yemen’s merchants and trade colonists in the kingdom of Pandya were ordered by Badhan (Bayan Ibn Sasan), the governor of Yemen during Muhammad’s time. Built this mosque. The mosque was rebuilt in the 11th century after the Battle of Shahid. Many other famous people including Bayan Ibn Sasan, Tamim Ibn Zayd Al Ansari, Nagur Abdul Qadir, Ervadi Ibrahim Shahib, Sultan Murad of Ottoman came to this mosque.
Artist Vasily Vereshchagin created a painting of the Moti Masjid in the 19th century. The Moti Mosque was built by Emperor Shah Jahan. Located in the Agra Fort, this Moti Masjid is beautiful and has a lot of historical significance. Many mosques were built during the reign of the Mughal emperors. But during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan Mughal architecture entered its golden age. During this time various types of architecture were established in different places. This Moti Mosque is one of them.
The name of this mosque is Moti Masjid for its pearly radiance. The view outside the Moti Masjid is also very beautiful. Surrounded by greenery all around. The Moti Mosque is located north of the Diwan-i-Am complex in Agra Fort. Its dome number is three. These are made of marble and are situated on red sandstone walls. The construction of the mosque cost 1 lakh 60 thousand rupees and it took four years.
The first mosque established in India is Cheraman Jame Mosque
The Companions came here during the lifetime of Rasulullah Kareem (peace be upon him) for the propagation of Islam and for business activities. In that respect, the first mosque was established in India. Cheraman Jame Mosque in Thrissur region of Kerala state of the country. According to the inscription on the front of the mosque, the mosque was established by Sahabi Malik bin Dinar (RA) in 629 AD according to the fifth Hijri. To the locals, the mosque is known as the ‘Cheraman Juma Mosque. Malik Ibn Dinar was the first Imam of this mosque. Habib Ibn Malik was appointed Imam after him. The mosque was renovated and rebuilt in the 11th century. As a result of the gradual increase in the number of worshipers, the front of the mosque was demolished in 1974, 1994, and 2001 to expand its size.
The interior of the ancient mosque, the mihrab, and the minaret are still intact. The exterior of the mosque is made of concrete. The pond built then for aju is still there as before. There are two graves in the empty space adjacent to the mosque. One is believed to belong to Habib Ibn Malik, the other to his wife Muhtarama Humaira. Inside the mosque, there is a lamp made of brass. It has been burning for thousands of years. However, there is some controversy about the founder of this mosque. The founder of the mosque, Malik Dinar, was a Muslim businessman and devout man. Malik Dinar is famous not only for this mosque but also for establishing several more mosques in different parts of Kerala.
Some historians have cast doubt on his contribution by associating him with another Muslim Sufi saint named Malik Ibn Dinar. Malik Ibn Dinar was a student of Hazrat Hasan Basri. Who never came to India.
A unique pattern is the famous Katra Mosque
The Katra Mosque is located east of the Murshidabad railway station in India. Historic mosque in India & hundreds of domestic and foreign tourists regularly visit this Katra Mosque, a unique example of Muslim architecture. As soon as you enter the main entrance of this beautiful mosque, you will see a green garden. The two high towers on either side can be seen from a great distance. Eyes are drawn to the installation made of red bricks. Nawab Murshid Quli Khan shifted the capital from Dhaka to Murshidabad in 1618. The new capital was named Murshidabad after him. This katra samjidera katra means market. After the transfer of the capital, the mosque was built in the market according to the wishes of the Nawab. The Nawab entrusted the construction to Murad Faras Khan, a trusted craftsman.
The mosque Quadrangular. There are five entrance arches at the front. As soon as you go up the stairs, you will see five domes. Four towers at the four corners. You can go up the stairs to the top of the tower. The towers in front of the mosque are 60 feet high and about 20 feet wide. At present two towers have survived. The Archaeological Survey of India and the Government of West Bengal are responsible for the maintenance and upkeep of the mosque.
The largest is the Taj-ul-Masjid in Madhya Pradesh
The Taj ul Mosque in Bhopal. It is the largest & historic mosque in India and one of the largest in Asia. Nawab Shahjahan Begum started the construction of the mosque during the reign of Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Jafar. But he could not finish the construction work completely. Later, his daughter Sultana Jahan Begum took the work forward in her lifetime. However, after the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, the construction of the mosque remained unfinished due to a lack of funds. 111 years later, in 1971, Allama Muhammad Imran Khan Nadvi Azhari and Maulana Sayyid Hasmat Ali Fer started the construction work.
Construction work was completed in 1985. One lakh 75 thousand worshipers can pray together inside and outside the mosque. Like the Jama Masjid in Delhi and the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore, it has two 18-storey octagonal minarets with three domes of pink marble. The main hallway has fascinating pillars like Mughal architecture and the floor has impressive marbles. There is a huge tank in the courtyard of the mosque. The mosque has a two-storey gate. Tabligh’s Ijtema was held in the Taj-ul Mosque.